Revillagigedo Islands (Mexico)
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The Revillagigedo Islands, sometimes called Mexico's "little Galapagos", are a group of four volcanic islands in the Pacific Ocean, known for their unique ecosystem. They have been part of Manzanillo municipality of the Mexican state of Colima since 1861, but are nevertheless under Mexican federal jurisdiction, and lie 386 km southwest of Cabo San Lucas, the southern tip of Baja California peninsula, and between 720 and 970 km west of Manzanillo.
The total area is 157.81 km², extending over c.420 from east to west:. There is a naval station in the south of Socorro Island, with a population of 250 (staff and families). On ClariÃ³n, there is a small naval garrison with 9 men. The islands are otherwise uninhabited. The islands are named after Don Juan Vicente de GÃ¼emes, 2nd Count of Revillagigedo, the 53rd viceroy of New Spain.
The islands are recognized as a distinct terrestrial ecoregion, part of the Neotropic ecozone. Socorro is the most diverse in flora, fauna, and topography. The Mexican Government established the islands as a Biosphere Reserve on June 4, 1994.